From 2002 to 2010, IBA Stadtumbau (Urban Renewal) in Saxony-Anhalt sought answers to the population decline in Eastern Germany. Saxony-Anhalt’s small and medium-sized cities in particular wanted to point the way forward for urban development in response to the shrinkage. This was the first IBA to span an entire Federal State.
Under the direction of Omar Akbar, Rüdiger Schulz (until 2008) and Philipp Oswalt (since 2009), planners and architects experimented with new urban renewal tools in 19 cities. They developed model projects for urban development through demographic change, social cohesion and economic transformation. The aim of this IBA was to develop spezial practical expertise at state, municipal and civic levels. IBA Stadtumbau 2010 focused on development options for stagnating citiesunder the heading “Less is future”.
An important objective of the work was to advise and support the participating cities
in developing and implementing their ideas. The IBA’s instruments included public, motivating activities for civic participation: walking tours of the city, building site inspections, farewells to buildings and other temporary or permanent artistic and architectural elements in the urban space. For this purpose, new financing methods, land management, land use planning and participation were developed. The network of IBA cities became an important platform for sharing experience and ideas.
IBA Stadtumbau 2010 was a project of the State of Saxony-Anhalt, jointly implemented by the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation and SALEG Saxony-Anhalt State Development Company. The projects were largely financed from the urban development subsidies of “Urban Renewal East”, a joint programme of
the German Federal and State Governments.
Sources and further information:
M:AI Museum für Architektur und Ingenieurkunst NRW, IBA Hamburg (Hrsg.): IBA meets IBA. Eine Ausstellung zur 100jährigen Geschichte der Internationalen Bauausstellungen, (o.J.).
Uwe Grelak, Peer Pasternack: Die Bildungs-IBA. Bildung als Problembearbeitung im demografischen Wandel: Die Internationale Bauausstellung „Stadtumbau Sachsen-Anhalt 2010“, Leipzig 2014. (PDF)